Can I start snail farming in Nigeria and Make profit?
The answer is YES and I will show you how in this complete step by step guide, come with me.
Agricultural has proven over time to be a lucrative venture, even though, it is still hugely ignored in many places in Nigeria.
But there are various areas entrepreneurs can venture into in agriculture, one of which is snail farming.
Snail farming in Nigeria is greatly unexplored and this is because many aren’t exposed to how profitable this agribusiness is.
The good thing about this agribusiness is that, you don’t need to spend hugely to start a snail farm in Nigeria, you can start with as low as #10,000.
Though getting the right knowledge about snail farming is more important than starting your farm, because without the right knowledge.
You can make costly mistakes that will lead to a huge loss
So, if you want to succeed, you must have the right knowledge (you must understand how to rear snails)
Only then will you enjoy the profitability of Snail Farming business.
But not to worry, in this guide, I will walk you through how to start snail farming in Nigeria with little capital.
You will also learn how to manage your farm, how to reduce the cost of starting your farm and how to locate your right market.
Here is why should you start snail farming.
Why you should start snail farming in Nigeria
Here are the benefits of snail farming over other agribusinesses ideas, the reasons why you should start snail farming in Nigeria.
- You can start snail farming in Nigeria with little capital: Snail farming is not a high capital consuming agribusiness venture.
You can comfortably start a snail farming business in Nigeria with #10,000.
- Snail food is not as costly as other livestock like poultry and piggery: Unlike in poultry, piggery and other livestock, snails consume a wide variety of food.
Snails eat leaves, tubers, fruits, flowers, which you can get around your area and nearby market.
So, you don’t have to spend hugely just to feed the snails or manage your farm.
- Snail Farming business is not as stressful as poultry and other livestock: Rearing snail is not very stressful like it is in other livestock.
You can start at the back of your house and manage your farm comfortably and you don’t have to always be on your farm.
- Snails have high productivity: Snails have high productivity because they are hermaphrodite, both male and female snails lay eggs.
Snails lay eggs in clutches; they can lay over 70 to 120 eggs in a single laying season, that is if they are properly managed.
- Snail farming is eco-friendly: Snails are noiseless animals, in addition, they do not produce any form of smell, so you can rear snails anywhere you are.
- There is very low or No risk in snail farming: The risk of losses in a snail farming business is very minimal when compared with other livestock.
There is literally no risk of loss if you have the right knowledge on how to manage your snails.
- In Nigeria, Snail farming can be done by anyone: Snail farming in Nigeria has no gender affiliation, it can be done by anyone at any time and place.
As you can see, there are so many reasons why you should get involved in this profitable venture, the question now is, How can you start snail farming in Nigeria?.
To start snail farming in Nigeria, here is what you need.
Requirements for starting snail farming in Nigeria
To rear snails successfully, you need proper snail farming training, healthy breeding stock ( these are the snails you will start your farm with)
You also need a house or pen to keep your snails, a source of food for the snails and a proper understanding of the Nigerian snail market.
Don’t worry, I will get you started on how you can start a snail farming business in Nigeria now.
How to start snail farming in Nigeria with little capital
Step 1: Get a proper Training
One mistake most beginners make is starting their snail farm without any form of Training, this is because everyone believes that agriculture is easy.
This is wrong and it has led so many to a great loss of capital. See the picture below
14,000 (Fourteen thousand snails) lost in two months because of lack of training, if she was trained, she would have known how to control the temperature in the pen.
Don’t let this kind of thing happen to you.
Without good training, you are likely to make costly mistakes before you succeed in snail farming.
You need the right knowledge to make it in snail farming and training will provide that for you.
Just imagine how much the person in the picture above wasted just like that.
There is no need to allow such to happen to you, you can easily get the training you need through the AGROGIT Snail Farming Training program.
It is an Easy Step by Step Snail farming Training Guide prepared to provide you with all you need to be successful in Snail Farming in Nigeria.
You can get the Guide by clicking on the “DOWNLOAD NOW” button below.
Step 2: Examine where you stay
Step 2 is a very important step, it is like a preparatory survey, you try to check if your area is suitable for snail farming.
You also ask questions to know if snails farming is allowed in your area if you stay in another person’s house as a tenant.
You must first get permission from the owner of the house to avoid having issues with the person.
It is said that there are areas where snail farming is not allowed due to religious reasons if you stay in such an area.
You must get permission from the people or you relocate to avoid the people coming after your farm.
Ensure that the place is as close to your house as much as possible, so you can easily visit your farm without stress.
You should also check if the area is secure, for example, if you stay where touts are many and you don’t have a way of securing your farm.
They may just invade your farm one day and steal everything, so ensure that where you want to start your farm is secured.
Snails don’t perform well under harsh weather condition so ensure that you don’t select an area with harsh weather history.
Another important factor here is the accessibility of the area, ensure that you can access the area very well.
There is no need to set your farm in a bushy area where you can hardly go in, it’s not good for your snails.
Step 3: Decide whether you want to do outdoor or indoor snail farming
You can do outdoor or indoor snail farming, in outdoor, the snails are raised on pastures, example is the greenhouse system.
Outdoor System of snail farming
If you have access to flat land, it is better, even if the land is not flat, you can level it up.
This will make your movement on the farm easy.
Sloppy lands make it hard to manage your farm, walking on the farm won’t be stress-free as the shape isn’t flat to walk on.
The soil you will put in the snail house should be Sandy-Loam soil, rich in humus and other decaying plant and animal materials, organic matter and supports vegetation.
Snail love this type of soil, if you have ever seen snails in the bush, you will notice they normally stay in areas with this type of soil.
Planting shelter plants like banana/plantain can help provide the necessary conditions needed for the survival and production of your snails outdoor.
You can see the video below..
Indoor System of snail farming
In indoor, the snails are raised indoor in pens or boxes like the Hutch box or trench pen, drums, old tyres and cans.
Below are examples of Hutch boxes for indoor Snail farming……
As a beginner who has little cash, I advise you to start with an indoor system, as your farm grows.
You can upgrade to an outdoor system.
Factors to take into consideration in choosing a site for your snail farm
Whether outdoor or indoor, your snail farm should be situated in an area that is well protected.
Too much wind isn’t good for your snails especially during their growing season.
Wind can lead to dehydration and drying up of snails so it is better you don’t construct the snail house in a way it will obstruct the wind.
In addition, snails prefer a habitat that is neither too hot nor cold (moderate type of temperature).
When the temperature is too hot or too cold, the snails withdraw into their shell just like they do when they sense any danger.
So, also take note of that while setting up your farm.
Step 4: Build your snail house
There are different kinds of snails house you can construct, as a beginner, you need to start small.
Starting small will avail you the opportunity to manage your farm comfortably, it will reduce stress for you.
As you get more experienced, you can build a bigger farm and get more snails.
If you are starting your farm in your backyard, you need to construct a pen. Like the one below.
Here are the features your snail pen must possess.
Your pen or snail house must be spacious: It is not good to overcrowd your snail house. it will only lead to the death of the snails.
You need to ensure that the snails can easily move around the pen if they desire to, Naturally, snails love moving around.
You will do them more good if your pen is big enough to allow them to move freely.
Your snail house should be protected and clean, the inside of the pen must be moist, not waterlogged.
Here is more pictures.
One thing you have to note is that snails love a dark and calm environment.
So, your target should be to create an environment that is similar to the natural snail environment.
To learn more on how to construct your snail house, click the link below.
Below are more examples of snail houses you can build.
Step 5: Get good species of snails to start your farm with.
One thing about the source of your breeding stock is that the success and failure of your snail farming business may come from it.
If you start your snail farm with snails that are not healthy, they may die, so you must ensure you buy healthy snails.
The best place to get your snails is naturally from the bush, from a snail farmer who is reselling his/her own or from an established snail farmer.
You can buy from the market but the problem with buying from the market is that you can’t say for sure if they are truly healthy or not.
Again, they have been exposed to the sun so much, so they may have been affected
When you are getting your breeding snails, insist on getting the ones that have the following features.
- Strong shell: Strong shell snails are good for snail rearing.
- The ones that have a good and traceable health history
- Buy snails that have grown at least 4 months old.
- Buy snails that their body filled the shell
- Buy snails that have large size
Ensure you get your snails from a trusted agent, who you can always relate to if anything happens.
Here is how you can get your snails from the bush. This simple method will help you save cost but it consumes time.
Again, if you are starting a big farm, then this method is not ok because it will stress you out.
How to pick your snails from the bush
Go to mini-forested areas, those areas you normally see snails at night.
Spray fruits and vegetable leaves around the areas, usually after little rain.
Go back there at the early hours of the night, say 7-8 pm, you are likely to see snails there.
This method will help you save cost but it takes time and energy. If you want to start a small snail farm, this method is ok for you.
Now, here are the species of snails you should get to start your farm with.
Best Snail species of snail for Snail Farming
The best species of snail for snail farming in Nigeria are the Achatina Achatina, Achatina Fulica and Archachatina marginata.
- The Achatina Fulica
This is the smallest among the three, it has a reddish-brown colour though the colour depends on the environment where it lives.
This species is prolific in egg-laying and they lay big eggs.
The Archachatina marginata is the biggest of the three, their shell length can get to 120mm.
They lay the least number of eggs but they are fast growers.
- Achatina Achatina
This is also called the giant Ghana Snail. They are very prolific and are high yielding.
The Archachatina marginata is most farmer’s choice because of their size, this is because most buyers care only about size.
You can choose anyone you want and start your farm with it.
Step 6: Prepare the pen and introduce your snails
If you used the Hutch Box type of snail house, once you are done constructing it.
Place the hutch box where you want it to be. Fill the floor of the pen (at least 1/3 per cent of the height of the pen) with sandy-loam soil.
Sany-Loam soil is easy to identify, they are found in areas where green plants grow, those soils that vegetable grow on.
Ensure you treat the soil before filling the pen with it. You can learn how to treat the soil for snail farming by clicking below
Snails hide in the soil during the day so, the soil can also introduce harmful insect to your pen if it is not treated.
After treating the soil, reintroduce the treated soil into the pen. Apply clean water to the soil to make the soil moist.
Allow it for 45 to 1-hour minutes, then introduce your snails.
You can use condemned engine oil to make demarcation around the snail pen. it helps prevent insects from entering the pen.
Note: Avoid Clay soil or any Acidic and Salty soil.
Step 7: Feed and manage your snails properly
Snails feed on a wide variety of materials, their food ranges from leaves, tubers, fruits, flowers, and Uncontaminated household products.
Don’t forget, the household products must not be contaminated, contaminated ones are not good for your snails.
Don’t feed them plants with hairy leaves, they are not good for snails.
Ensure you provide them with calcium, snails cannot do without calcium, it is important for shell formation and growth.
You can give them Leaves like Pawpaw leaves, Cocoyam leaves, Cassava leaves, eggplant leaves and cucumber leaves.
Fruits like Tomatoes, Cucumber, Mango, Pears and Oil Palm fruit, eggplant, and pawpaw are all snail food.
Tuber crops like yam, sweet potato and cocoyam.
You can click the link below to learn more about snail food and what they eat.
Step 8: Provide good care for the snails
How you manage your snails determines how well your snail farm will perform.
Ensure you keep the snail house clean, fumigate the area if possible, this will prevent harmful insects from attacking your sails.
You can cover the top of your snail pens with nets and wood like the one below.
Step 9: Provide adequate care for the snails.
Taking good care of your snails will do you a lot of good. Snails are more productive when managed well.
Feed them with good food and not decayed materials, supply water and calcium.
Protect them from dryness and direct sunlight, you know they can’t run to save their life.
The onus is on you to provide them with protection.
Ensure that the temperature in the pen is moist, avoid waterlogging it.
Step 10: Harvest your snails once they are ready
Generally, snails mature for the market between 6 to 8 months, that is if you take care of them very well.
It is good you allow the snails to mature before harvesting them unless you are selling them off to other snail farmers.
When snails mature, the brim of the snail becomes thicker and harder than other parts of the shell.
If you are running an outdoor snail farm in Nigeria, you will have vegetation in your farm as you saw in the video above.
The easiest time to find the snails inside your farm is when the plants are wet or at night when they are moving about eating.
Step 11: Market and sell your snails
Selling your snails in Nigeria is not a big deal, you can find snail market anywhere around you.
You can sell your snails in local and urban markets in your area, you can as well sell to eateries, restaurants, hotels and individuals.
But if you notice, snail is usually very scarce during the dry season and during festive periods.
You can target these periods, you can learn how to do that in the Snail Training Training Guide.
Don’t forget you can get the Training Guide by clicking below
Conclusion and Summary of snail farming in Nigeria
I hope you have gotten value for the time you spent reading this article, I would love to hear your opinion in the comment box below.
If you have doubt about snail farming in Nigeria, I hope you are now convinced, it’s a profitable venture.
But, you must have the right knowledge, believe me, there are many more to learn before you are ready to start your snail farm.
As stated earlier, you can get the training guide, it will provide you with all you need to know about snail farming.
You will learn about;
1. The behaviour and nature of snail and how snails respond to their environment.
2. What you must do before you can start your snail farm.
3. What you should do before constructing your snail farm
4. The types of snail farm you can build.
5. What you need for your farm and how to construct your snail farm
6. How to prepare the environment for your snails
7. How to get your snails and where to get your snails
8. The types of snails to farm or rear and where to get them.
9. What snails eat and how to formulate your snail food.
10. Where to get your snails food.
11. How to introduce your snails to the pen.
12. How to manage your snails and take care of them.
13. Challenges of snail farming and how to handle them.
14. Mistakes snail farmers make and how to avoid them.
There are many more to learn.
You can get the guide by clicking below
Snail farming in Nigeria is almost risk-free, this is because they hardly record mortality unless when not managed well.
I hope this will lead you to a successful snail farming journey.
If you need any further help in starting your snail farm, you can send us a mail at firstname.lastname@example.org, we will gladly assist you.
Let us know in the comment box below.
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