If you looking to start rabbit farming in Nigeria, then you are at the right place, this step by step rabbit farming in Nigeria guide will provide you with all you need.
Rabbit farming in Nigeria has grown over the years, its no longer “just a source of meat”, its now a major source of job creation and income generation.
The good thing is, you don’t need a degree to start, you also don’t need CAC registration to start (yes, you can register once you farm starts growing that’s if the need be).
Lastly , you don’t need to be of a certain gender neither do you need a large area of land, unless you want to start a a large-scale farm.
In this step by step guide, you will learn all you need to know about How to start rabbit farming in Nigeria, how profitable rabbit farming in Nigeria is and where the money is in rabbit business.
You will also understand the various equipment needed to start a rabbit farming business.
Lastly, you will learn the various steps to take to ensure that your rabbits are healthy, how you can maintain high productivity in your farm and make good profit.
Why should you choose rabbit farming in Nigeria
Table of Contents
- 1 Why should you choose rabbit farming in Nigeria
- 2 How to start Rabbit farming in Nigeria step by step guide
- 2.1 Step 1. Undergo a rabbit Farming Training
- 2.2 Step 2. Decide the aim of your farm
- 2.3 Step 3. If you are starting a commercial rabbit farm, then Draw your business plan
- 2.4 Step 4. Choose a suitable rabbit rearing location
- 2.5 Step 5: Buy the required equipment
- 2.6 Step 6: Construct a suitable rabbit house
- 3 Deep litter method of rabbit farming
- 4 The cage method
- 4.1 Step 7: Choose the right rabbit breeds from a reliable rabbit farmer
- 4.2 Step 8: Breed your rabbits properly
- 4.3 Step 9: Feed the rabbits properly
- 4.4 Step 10: Clean and take good care of your rabbits
- 4.5 Step 11: Market and sell your rabbits
- 5 How to keep a healthy rabbit farm
- 6 Risks in Rabbit Farming in Nigeria
- 7 Summary of how to start rabbit farming in Nigeria
There are many reasons why one should invest in rabbit farming in Nigeria, many farmers rear rabbits for meat purpose, some for pets.
Rabbits are also reared because of their prolific nature, their rate of reproduction is faster than that of pigs, goats or sheep.
A female rabbit delivers a litter every 31 days and can produce more than 12 times her own weight in offspring in a year.
Starting a rabbit farming business with just 2 does and 1 buck could give you 50 rabbits or more within the first year if you manage them well.
Some farmers also prefer rabbits farming business because of the characteristics of rabbits.
Rabbits are very cool, beautiful and lovable animals, they can be raised in small and large-scale production systems anywhere all over the world.
Other farmers for their non-capital intensive nature. Rabbit farming takes a considerable amount of cash to start.
Young people can easily afford to start keeping rabbits with virtually no financial risk.
Rabbit farming could begin as a backyard or garden enterprise, requiring very little space.
You can construct a moderately sized rabbit farm within the house for a start.
In addition, Some farmers prefer rabbit farming business because rabbits are very fast-growing animal when managed well.
They mature and get ready for slaughter within 2 months of age.
For this to be achieved though, they must be taken care of and managed well, proper feeding and maintenance is essential.
Rabbit farming is also preferable because they eat a wide range of food item.
For farmers, the feeds are readily available and you can even produce them yourself as rabbits feed on a large variety of food.
In addition to that, there is an increasing market demand for rabbit meat all around the world.
Though the huge meat demand is still led by poultry, pork and beef, rabbit isn’t lost in the table.
Other reasons for rearing rabbits is for their fur or wool which serves as raw material for producing different types of clothing.
In terms of nutrient, rabbit meat contains a high ratio of protein, energy, calcium and vitamin than other regular meats.
rabbit meat also have less cholesterol, fat and sodium content.
Obviously, rabbit farming business is a good start for entrepreneurs who find interest in animal husbandry or livestock farming.
How to start Rabbit farming in Nigeria step by step guide
With the small size of rabbits, starting rabbit farming in Nigeria is easy and moderately task demanding.
The very first step you should take in starting rabbit farming in Nigeria to undergo a rabbit farming training.
- Undergo a rabbit Farming Training
- Decide the aim of your farm
- Draw your business plan
- Choose a suitable location
- Buy the required equipment
- Construct a suitable rabbit house
- Choose the right rabbit breeds from a reliable rabbit farmer
- Breed your rabbits properly
- Feed the rabbits properly
- Clean and take good care of your rabbits
- Market your rabbits and sell at the right time
Step 1. Undergo a rabbit Farming Training
The importance of training before starting any agribusiness cannot overemphasized, unfortunately, this is still overlooked by many farmers.
Even though you can read every necessary information you need online, practical training cannot be paired with reading articles online.
Reading of articles is good but they cannot be compared to a practical training especially in livestock like rabbits.
You need a regular and close by mentorship and guidance to do the business of rabbit farming properly.
You cannot always run to the internet anytime you encounter a problem in the farm.
No, there are issues you just need your teacher or trainer to put you through.
If you find it hard to find a rabbit farmer near by, you can just search for different groups on Facebook, twitter and Instagram, even google.
Step 2. Decide the aim of your farm
Different farmers raise rabbit for different purposes, some for pet, some for meat and several other purposes such as research and medical purpose.
It is more profitable to be a specialist than a generalist, pick a purpose from the above and decide which you want to be known for.
If you want to rear rabbits for meat purpose, choose it, with time you will be known for it and anyone who wants to satisfy that need (meat) will definitely come for you.
You will have a market of your own that you are known for satisfying, it is best for you that engaging in collective purpose and ends up satisfying none.
If you rear rabbit for pet purpose, anyone who wants rabbit as pet will definitely come for you, but hardly will someone who needs rabbit for meat come for you.
Likewise anyone who rears rabbit for meat purpose or general purpose, pet lovers won’t come for you because they believe you are being cruel to rabbits by killing them for meat.
Step 3. If you are starting a commercial rabbit farm, then Draw your business plan
Drawing a business plan is a profitable starting point for a large-scale (commercial) rabbit farming business, farmers mostly underrate the importance of having a business plan in large-scale farming.
This is, however, because they deem it unnecessary in the livestock industry but that’s not true.
An accurate business plan is a guide and a director.
Lack of a business plan can easily be pardoned in a small-scale livestock farming but not large-scale farming.
Here are important points to note in your business plan.
- Expected Cost: Your business plan should contain the estimated total amount you want to spend in setting up your rabbit farm including feed purchasing.
- Time and expected result: An accurate commercial rabbit farming business plan should contain expected time of result; this is the time projected that your rabbit farm will start generating income.
- Desired size of farm: the desired size of your farm should be in your business plan. This will direct your activities and choice making.
You necessarily don’t need to hire an expert, all you need in your business plan is to have a clear path of what you want to achieve in the business.
After securing a proper business plan, your next line of action is to execute your plan properly so as to achieve your target.
If you are not starting a large-scale rabbit farming in Nigeria, then a Business plan may not be all that necessary
Step 4. Choose a suitable rabbit rearing location
A good and suitable rabbit rearing location should have the following characteristics.
- The location should be close to human; rabbits don’t smell like other animals when kept close to homes.
If kept clean, they are lovely to be around with, they should be kept close to the house or better still, not far away from human habitat.
- The location should be secured.
- Access to clean water.
- Access to light; this is not always necessary but for commercial purposes, the light may be needed at a certain stage.
It is also important to note that your location may not meet all these criteria, you can also start and sort the challenge with time but don’t sweep it under the carpet like it doesn’t exist.
Making your rabbits comfortable should always be your priority, you know that the more comfortable they become, the healthy and productive they become.
Step 5: Buy the required equipment
There are several equipment you need to start successfully, your rabbit farm. The basic ones are all you need, they include
- Feeder or Feed containers :This equipment is used to feed the rabbits, you can get as many as possible, the more they don’t have to fight to feed from one container, the better and healthier they stay.
- Water containers: Water is one thing you must not joke with in your rabbit farm, you need to provide water for the rabbits all the time.
- Neil cutter: This particular equipment is used to cut the nails of the rabbits.
- Broom: The broom serves as a cleaning agent, you need to keep the rabbit farm clean, it is a way of promoting the health of your rabbits.
- Hayrack : This helps to keep hay off the floor. it also help to make your farm neat. Neatness is an important commodity in rabbit farming.
Step 6: Construct a suitable rabbit house
There are two most used methods of raising rabbits or rabbit housing; the deep liter system and the cage system.
Deep litter method of rabbit farming
This method is better for farmers raising few rabbits, a maximum of 25 to 30 rabbits in a room.
The floor is better done with concrete, with 5-6 inches depth litter straw or wooden shavings.
Disadvantages of the Deep litter method of rabbit production
- Due to the number of rabbits which could be in a room (20 to 30), there is a high risk of disease.
- There is a risk of overcrowding, rabbits love space to run around, with the deep litter method, they stand a chance to be overcrowded if kept in the same room.
- The rabbits are difficult to manage in this system.
In this method, farmers are encouraged to be watchful of the number of rabbits they introduce to a particular room, rabbits don’t perform well when overcrowded, this should be taken note of.
The male should be kept in a separate room from the female.
The cage method
This is the best method of keeping rabbits for commercial purposes.
Here, the rabbits are kept in a cage mostly made of wire or iron plate.
This method ensures maximum production, sufficient space and free movement of rabbits.
The male and female should be kept separate except during breeding. They should be kept in the same cage for mating to take place.
Step 7: Choose the right rabbit breeds from a reliable rabbit farmer
There are different breeds of rabbit you can start rabbit farming in Nigeria with, among which are
- Zealand Red
- New Zealand White
- Giant Flemish
- Rex and
All are prolific breeds which you can choose from, depending on the one available in your area and your purpose of raising them.
Some breeds produce more meat than others, you can read more about rabbit breeds in Nigeria by clicking the link below.
Make sure you purchase your rabbits from a trusted seller, this is to avoid stocking your farm with rabbits with a faulty health history.
It is of most important you ensure that the rabbits are healthy before buying and introducing them into your farm.
How many rabbits can I start my farm with?
The number of rabbits you should start with depends on the size of your farm, purpose of the farm and what you can manage. if you are breeding for subsistence purpose.
Then, you can start with just two female and a male and in one year, you will be sure of at least 40 to 50 rabbits.
What should I do next after purchasing my rabbits?
After purchasing your rabbits, your next line of action is to breed them, take absolute care of them.
You know their survival depend largely on you, so, you must care for them, understand their needs and be punctual in making such need available.
Step 8: Breed your rabbits properly
Rabbits mature within 4 to 6 months of age, always use healthy rabbits with proper body weight having higher meat to bone ratio. Never bred the females.
Clean the cage or litter regularly, take proper care of sick rabbits and isolate them from the others, ensure proper care to breeding males and pregnant female rabbits.
Feed the rabbits properly (their food must be neat all the time), dispose of remnant food materials before adding a new one.
Feeding is done twice daily or once depending on the choice of the farmer and the nutrient capacity of the food.
Does when managed well should produce not less than four kids, normally, a doe can give birth to 2-8kids. The gestation period of a rabbit is 28 to 32 days.
Step 9: Feed the rabbits properly
If you want your rabbits to stay healthy; You need to feed them with good hay which is essential to a rabbit’s good health, providing roughage that reduces the danger of snuffing and other blockages.
Rabbits feed on herbs, herbs are not just considered as rabbit food, they are also medicinal to rabbits.
Rabbit also eat fruits such as apple, mango, grapes, tomatoes, melon, pineapple etc.
You can choose from a large variety of grasses, like elephant grass, tridax, milkweeds etc.
You can also feed them with cucumber, watermelon, cabbages, and lettuce. You should feed them in the morning and evening.
If you want to introduce a new type of food, please do it slowly. They can`t adapt swiftly to a new type of food.
Access to Clean Water is important, don’t trade clean water for anything else.
Get adequate water containers where your rabbits can drink clean and sufficient water.
Generally, a growing rabbit requires the following nutrient composition
Crude Protein: 15%
Crude fat: 3%
Crude Fibre: 14 – 15%
Step 10: Clean and take good care of your rabbits
Cleaning is very crucial in rabbit farming, if you want your rabbits to produce well, you must look out for the following management practices.
Cleaning, tagging, handling, feeding, disease management and control, breeding. You must understand that rabbits are sensitive animals.
They are easy to rear but at the same time, you can loose hugely if you don’t manage them well.
Constantly clean your rabbit farm.
Observe your rabbits to detect sick rabbit earlier, do not feed your rabbits rotten or decaying food materials all in the name of managing food.
Ensure that they have access to good water.
Carefully handle your rabbits to avoid injury and damage, they have light skin.
If you want to lift your rabbit, use one hand to grasp the loose skin of the neck region and place the other hand below the hindquarter to provide balance.
Step 11: Market and sell your rabbits
The ease of marketing your products depend on your location, whereas it is easy to market your products in some areas.
It is not easy in others, you should determine your marketing plan before starting.
Selling your rabbits or rabbit products comes in different categories.
While some prefer to sell to off-takers; people who come to buy from your farm for consumption and other purposes.
Some prefer selling to new rabbit farmers who are just establishing their farms.
They are many out there because more and more people are going into the business on daily basis while other may prefer to sell to the processor.
Read also: Easy guide to start a profitable watermelon farm
Aside from selling the rabbits, there are other ways one can make money from rabbit farming.
How to keep a healthy rabbit farm
- You must always keep your cage clean to prevent disease and infection because most of the rabbit diseases are brought by the condition of the cages
- Wash off remnant food materials before adding another to prevent feeding them decayed food substances.
- Do not feed the rabbits decaying food materials.
- Ensure that they are treated often
- Be very observant.
- Do not expose them to too much cold or sun.
- Avoid overcrowding.
- Always isolate anyone observed to be exhibiting abnormal behavior.
Risks in Rabbit Farming in Nigeria
Rabbits can be eaten or killed by almost any other animal(predator). Therefore, insects, soldier ants, and snakes can easily destroy rabbit breeds.
Infections can easily destroy your rabbit farming business if not well managed.
Therefore, watch carefully after any occurrence of diseases and always be at alert to any form of infection and take necessary action against them as soon as you can.
Summary of how to start rabbit farming in Nigeria
Setting up a Rabbit farm is easy and of course, isn’t capital intensive but it goes beyond constructing the the rabbit cage or hutch box.
Even though rabbit farming is practically easy to embark on, make no mistake of starting a rabbit farm without first, getting equipped with the necessary knowledge to run, successfully, a rabbit farm.
If you have question or need guidance, you can drop them on the comment box below. we love to hear from you.