Essential Management Practices in Pig Farming
Pig farming, proven over time is highly profitable and a great source of employment. Pigs can be raised in large quantities (commercial purpose) or small scale (domestic purpose).
Whichever way is best suited for the farmer, the steps are simple and easy to carry out.
Pig meat consumption is high globally, this has made pig farming very popular each passing day.
With high reproductive capacity and the ability to survive harsh conditions, you can get the return of your total investment within a very short time.
Management according to Wikipedia consists of planning, prioritizing, and organizing work efforts to accomplish objectives within a business organization.
Management practices in pig farming on the other hand are the pig production practices, husbandry practices, and techniques that are targeted at maximizing the efficiency of production.
These practices are essential and determine how well your farm performs. Common management practices in pig farming are seen in the day to day running of the farm. These includes
Day to day Management Practices in Pig Farming
It could easily be seen as a non-management practice by some but NO, this is one big management practices that can determine how other aspects of the farm perform.
There are different breeds of pigs in the world today, thanks to the science of cross-breeding.
The selection of breed depends on the purpose for which one wants to purchase a pig, (customers’ preferences).
The breed you will choose for setting up your farm is totally from the one you will choose if you are buying pigs fr the sake of meat.
Your breed selection should be based on the purpose the pig will serve.
INTRODUCTION OF PIGLETS
This is one of the most important management practices in pig farming, it involves putting your piglets into the pen, pigs love space.
This should be taken into consideration while introducing pigs into the pen, they can be kept five (5) pigs per pen at a young age, after six months, this can be changed to maybe two or even one per pen depending on how large the pens are.
For better production, keeping the environment clean should be your priority as a pig farmer, this will help you checkmate diseases, a clean environment is great for the health of your pigs and the farm in general.
Cleaning is a great management practice in pig farming.
Feeding as among the most essential management practices in pig farming is very important, pigs are sold according to their weight (kg) so, how well your pigs are feed is relatively important to how you make sales.
Feeding your pigs with quality and nutritious food makes your pigs healthier and prevent diseases.
Pigs eat different food materials ranging from kitchen garbage, stalk from beverage companies, agricultural waste.
Others are rice and vegetables, grains, cassava peels, cooked meat, Corn, Soybeans, etc. pigs grow well and faster when feeding with protein, vitamin and other supplement containing food.
Aside from nutritious food, you should provide your pigs with enough and clean water, you should always provide them with a sufficient amount of clean water. Pigs take a lot of water daily.
Having a source of water is good so you don’t run out of supply. Pigs also eat less when they have easy access to work so, you can spend less on food if you supply them with water.
The breeding process involves the propagation of offspring through sexual reproduction is an easy aspect of pig farming but it requires your close attention, a pregnant sow is monitored closely.
The gestation period of pigs is three months, three weeks, and three days (108 days).
A single sow can give birth to over 16 piglets at once depending on the specie and how it is managed.
As a farmer, you are expected to be present during childbirth, sows need to be feed after giving birth to avoid injuring the piglets.
They are usually hungry after giving birth, you also need to make sure the piglets suck the sow’s breast milk.
The piglets will be feed on the breast milk for their first nine weeks of age completing the grower stage of piglets, at this stage, the sow becomes suitable for mating again.
One mistake you should never make is starting your pig farm without having a veterinary doctor around, it may necessary not be a veterinary but there should be a health adviser, one who understands the health nature of animals.
Preferably a Vert but not a must, regular vaccination is very important in pig farming. Vaccines should be applied from time to time.
The pigs should also be monitored closely for any changes, any change (s) should be reported to the Veterinary doctor for quick action.
This is a management practice that involves the moment of products (pig products) and materials in and out of the farm.
These materials can be y products, food materials, and other essential materials for the production of your pigs.
Sitting your farm where there is an access road is paramount for easy transport of materials in and out of the farm.
How well you market your products play an important role in how much profit you make, the good thing is; you can sell your products in your local market or the urban market accessible to you.
Pigs are highly nutritious, tasty, and has a great global popularity.
The demand for pig meat (pork) is very high. try to study the market very well, pork sales more during festive periods than at the normal time.
understanding the best time to take your pigs to the market is also a great managerial practice, it aids in more profit-making.
Another important part of the pig farm includes
Housing is also a very important aspect of pig farming; your pig house should be properly constructed to suit the number of pigs you plan to rear.
Pig enjoy enough space and grow well under a conducive environment; the pens should be spaced.
- A good house can keep them healthy, productive, and free from adverse climate and all types of predators such as wild animals and thieves.
- Good housing is important to keep your pigs warm during cold temperatures and maintain moderate temperatures during harsh conditions. the house should be cleaned on a regular basis to reduce infectious diseases.
- Proper and sufficient ventilation systems should be made available in the house. Make proper drainage inside the house to keep the house dry.
- Make housing with good sanitation facilities so that you can easily clean the house. Waste products should be managed properly
Summary of management practices in pig farming
In general, pig farming is very profitable but requires care and proper management, your management practices are paramount to your returns (profit).
Take every management t practices serious, that pigs are known to survive under harsh conditions does not mean they should be subjected to harsh conditions.
Appropriate care will see you make more profits and smile to the bank regularly.
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