How to hatch snail eggs properly [A complete Guide]

How to Properly hatch snail eggs

One big challenge a good number of snail farmers face in their snail farm is how to hatch snail eggs properly

Fortunately, hatching snail eggs is one of the easiest practices in snail farming.


But due to lack of circulation of information, many snail farmers make costly mistakes during the incubation of their snail eggs

These mistakes affect the hatchability of the eggs.

This won’t be the same anymore after you are done reading this article. You will not only be equipped on how to hatch snail eggs properly but you’ll also learn how to manage the hatching process.


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You will also learn how to prepare your incubator properly.

How to maintain the health of the eggs while they are in the incubator.

How to monitor the hatching progress of your snail eggs, and finally, how to care for the new hatchlings.


There is also a video to help you understand more about how to hatch snail eggs properly.

After reading this post, you won’t incubate 20 eggs and only 10 will hatch again.


How snails reproduce and lay eggs

Land snails are hermaphrodites, but still, need to mate to reproduce and lay eggs.

Mating in snail is always like a fight between the male and female snails.


Mating in snail
Mating in snail


After mating, Land snails (Achatina marginata, Achatina Fulica and Achatina achatina) lay their eggs in the soil and bury them.

They lay eggs in clutches, with over 20 or more per clutch.

A single laying season can be made up of 4 to 6 clutches.


Snails lay from 80 to over a hundred eggs in a single laying season.

The good thing is that snails somehow will not lay their eggs in a place they don’t find conducive.



They look for the side of the pen where the soil is moist enough, calm and not hot to lay their eggs.

At times, the snails may not find these requirements, so it is advisable that as the owner, you aid them in making hatching possible.


How to hatch snail eggs properly

To hatch snail eggs

  1. Carefully pick the snail eggs from the snail pen
  2. Prepare an incubator for the eggs
  3. Incubate the eggs
  4. Take good care of the incubating snail eggs
  5. Keep track of the incubating progress of your snail eggs
  6. Transfer the new hatchlings to a new pen


Step 1. Carefully pick the eggs from the pen

Once your snails start laying eggs, you need to regularly check the snail pen for new eggs; mostly in the morning.

Carefully remove the leaves in the pen if there is any.


how to hatch snail eggs

Shove the soil gently with a hoe.

When you see snails, careful use a kitchen spoon to pick the eggs and put them in a plastic tray.

Move the eggs to another pen for incubation.


Do not use your hand to pick the snail eggs from the pen.

It is believed that using bare hands to pick your snail eggs reduces the hatching chances of the egg.

This is not totally true, though because we tested it and the eggs still hatched but we can’t totally rule it out.


Read also: Land Snail Amazing facts and characteristics


 Step 2. Prepare an incubator for the snail eggs

A snail hatching incubator is nothing other than soil containing a considerable amount of water in a pen.

For pet snail farmers

how to hatch snail eggs

You can also use a bowl, containers depending on what is available to you.

For commercial snail farming


To prepare the incubator, choose a pen separate from the breeding pens.

Fill the pen with soil to a depth of 20-30 cm from floor level. Apply water to the soil to make it moderately wet soil.

Make sure the soil is not too wet. You can test the wetness of the soil by packing some quantity of the soil with your hand.


Fold your hands and open them. If the soil will stick together forming the shape of your hand.

Throw the soil up, if it scatters in your hands, it means the soil is moderately wet and OK for incubation.


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(This is from practical experience). If the soil falls and sticks together, the moisture content is higher than required.

Allow the soil to dry; reducing the moisture content. After testing the soil and it’s OK (Moderately wet). Cover the pen with a net.


  Step 3. Incubate the eggs

This is the third and one of the most important steps in the incubation and hatching process of snails.

Incubating your snail eggs is simple, it doesn’t take much.


How to incubate snail eggs


how to hatch snail eggs


To incubate snail eggs, open the soil in the selected pen to a depth of 3 to 5cm.

Don’t forget that the pen you are to incubate your snails in must be different from the one you breed the snails on.

Depending on the number of eggs you are incubating.

The opening should be wide enough to contain the eggs.


Note that the opening should not be deep.

Use a rubber spoon to scoop the eggs into the opened soil.

After scooping the eggs in, use the spoon to balance the eggs and ensure that they are not resting on top of each other.

Once done

Slightly cover the eggs with soil, do not pour too much soil on it.


If covered deeply, hatched snails will find it hard to make it out of the soil. This may cause the death of snails.

Cover the snail pen to prevent other animals from entering inside the pen.

  • Write down the date you incubated the snail eggs,
  • Also, write down the number of eggs in each soil opening.


The eggs will hatch by themselves by breaking the shells allowing the snails to come out.


Step 4: Care for the incubating snail eggs

It is of great importance to take good care of the snail eggs while in the process of incubation

You cannot afford to be careless with the eggs because it will affect their hatching ability, here are how to take care of snail eggs.


How to take care of snail eggs

Here are things you need to do prior to incubation and during the period of incubation to ensure proper hatching of your snail eggs.


  • Pick the snail eggs with a plastic spoon from the point where they are laid.
  • When opening the soil to bury the eggs, don’t dig too deep into the soil.
  • Hatchlings will find it hard to come out of the soil if the depth is much.
  • Instead of making the opening deep just to contain the soil.
  • Make the opening shallow and wide enough to contain the number of eggs to be incubated.
  • When digging for snail eggs, do so gently so that you don’t crush the eggs.
  • Check the snail pen regularly to pick up new eggs.
  • Ensure that the pen has moderate moisture inside.
  • Do not waterlog the soil in a bid to provide moisture for the eggs.
  • Excess water in the soil destroys the hatching process.
  • Maintain a steady temperature in the incubator all through the incubation period.
  • Don’t forget to use the plastic spoon in removing eggs and shifting the same.

Step 5. Keep track of the hatching progress of your snail eggs

If you want to track the hatching progress which I believe you would. From the incubation date, you have written down check, count 21 more days. Mark the 21st day on the calendar.


Read also: Important food for snails [What do snail eats and drink]


It takes snail eggs between 21 to 40 days to hatch, this implies that from the 21st day, your eggs will start hatching.

Snails will hatch and crawl out of the egg shell-like you saw in the video above but should this not happen.

On the 21st day, open the soil gently with a spoon and pick out snails that have hatched.


Minus the number of hatched eggs from the total number you have written to know the number of unhatched eggs.

After picking the hatchlings, removed the remains of the eggs (the cracked shell).

Cover the opening back, check back after 15 days.

Depending on the species and the conditions available for hatching, your snail will eventually hatch before the 40th day.

Step 6: Transfer the new hatchlings to a new pen

This is the last part of the hatching process.

Once you find a baby snail in the pen

Use the plastic spoon to pick the hatchlings.

how to hatch snail eggs


If you use your hand, you may crush the shell of the new snails, so do not use your hands in picking the new snails.

Carefully, transfer them to a new pen.

Provide food, preferably watermelon, pawpaw or Moringa and calcium supplement for the new snails.

You can check below for the best food for your baby snails.


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That’s it!!

We are done with How to hatch snail eggs.

If you maintain these steps from beginning till the end, your snails will hatch comfortably.


Let me bring the steps, here again, try implementing every single of them without skipping, and you will definitely get the required result.

  1. Carefully pick the eggs from the pen
  2. Prepare an incubator for the eggs
  3. Incubate the eggs
  4. Take good care of the incubating snail eggs
  5. Keep track of the incubation progress of your snail eggs
  6. Transfer the new hatchlings to a new pen


Do not also forget the measures we listed in the different steps.

These measures if observed will ensure that the incubation and hatching of your snail eggs end successfully.


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As you can see, understanding how to hatch snail eggs properly is very important. Let’s take another look at the measures again.


Here are some of the measures

  • Do not use bare hands to pick your snail eggs.
  • Prepare your incubator properly.
  • Ensure that the moisture content of the incubator is moderate.
  • Do not waterlog your incubator.
  • Carefully cover the snail eggs.
  • Make sure that the covering is shallow.
  • Use a plastic spoon to pick the snails after hatching.
  • If you notice that not all eggs hatched after 21 days, collect the hatched snails and cover the remaining eggs.
  • Remove the crake shell of the hatched eggs from the incubator.
  • Finally, transfer your baby snails to a new pen using a plastic spoon.
  • Feed the baby snails properly and supply calcium supplements.


Note that the number of eggs laid by your snails may vary.

The number of eggs a snail lays is depended on the species of snail and the condition under which it is being managed.

An African land snail lays over 100 to 200 eggs, so you must as a matter of fact take good care of your snails.

You can read more about necessary snail care measures below.


Read also: Snail care: 15 proven ways to increase snail productivity

Summary of how to hatch snail eggs properly

Conclusively, I want to believe that we have done justice to how to hatch snail eggs.

If you read till this point, I am very sure that you must have learned how to hatch snail eggs properly because as stated before.


Hatching the snail eggs is an important aspect of your farm and therefore demands every atom of care.

Your snail eggs should be handled with care while they are transported to the hatching unit.

The snail eggs should be buried shallowly in the soil and covered with very light soil.


This is to make it easier for the new snails to exist in the soil after hatching.

This brings us to the end of our how to hatch snail eggs guide, as promised below is a video of how to hatch snail eggs for your practical knowledge.



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