Factors to consider before starting snail farming business [What you should know before you start your snail farm]

snail farming

Factors to consider before starting snail farming business

Snail farming is a very lucrative yet easy to start agribusiness, you can start with a little capital and grow within a short period of time.

As much as starting your snail farm may be easy, running your farm won’t be that easy if appropriate measures aren’t put in place.

There are factors you must consider before setting your farm, these factors when put in place prepares the road for success for you as a farmer.

The same way it compromises your chances of succeeding as a snail farmer when you ignore them.

Here, we will discuss the factors to consider before starting a snail farming business

Factors to consider before starting snail farming business

The factors discussed here are based on our findings, experiences, and reports from visits to different snail farms.

  1. Acquire the necessary knowledge

This is one of the essential factors to consider before starting snail farming business.

Snail farming is best done when you acquire the necessary knowledge.

This can be achieved through training, seminars, research or practical learning.

A good and understanding mentor or one acting in this capacity will also be important.

Snail farming is quite different from other aspects of animal husbandry.

snail farming

It requires understanding the behaviours of snail, how they respond to climatic changes, feeding patterns and food types, possible health challenges and solutions, environmental requirements, and so on.

All these contribute to what one should look out for before starting a snail farm.

  2. Environmental factors

Of all the factors to consider before setting up your snail farming, environmental factors affect the snails directly, snails are very selective when it comes to environmental needs.

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Snails love cool and moderate weather ranging from 24 to 30 degree Celsius, moderately moist soil and protection against the sun.

Weather condition, the direction of the sun, soil topography or shape are all important environmental factors to consider.

A proper choice of environment is a good start to productive snail farming.

3. Choice of species

The choice of species is one of the most important factors to consider before starting a snail farming business.

Not all species of snail are good for breeding, the key and most prominent species are the Archachatina Marginata, Achatina Achatina, and Achatina Fulica.

  1. Archachatina marginata.
  2. Achatina Fulica. 
  3. Achatina Achatina.

They are known for their high reproductive abilities; they survive in a more humid environment, fast with growth under good management.

Achatina Achatina is the most preferred amongst the three by most snail farmers because it grows so big and fast. 

 4. Security of your farm

Easily neglected but certainly one of the most important factors to consider before starting snail farming business.

You certainly wouldn’t want to risk all you have suffered for, you have no business setting up your farm in an unsecured area.

Read also: Six costly mistakes snail farmers make in snail farming

Once you can’t be guaranteed of the security of your farm, change your location.
Choose a very secure area for your farm.

 5. Consider your target Market

Believe me, one of the best thing you will do for yourself before setting up your farm is studying what the demand for snail looks like in your area.

This applies to every business, you don’t just set up a business that people are not asking for.

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What is the demand like, if they do not need snail, what about neighbouring communities, do they demand it?

If they do, is there any way you can be transporting to such areas without spending all your profit on transportation, how is the ease of movement?

There is a lot you have to consider here and carefully considering all that will be of great help to you.

snail farming

Understanding the market demand for snail is a great step because the market determines your success.

Don’t forget that, no matter what you produce, no matter how great it is, no matter how big they are.

The peoples’ demand for your products determines how you succeed so this should be of great importance to you.

6. Expected cost of setting up your farm

As a beginner, you should be looking to start little and expand as your farm grows.

Don’t just jump into a large scale unless you have the required resources to manage it.

You already know, you need workers if you must engage in large scale snail farming, but for this work.

The good time about starting small is that it gives you enough time to manage your farm and not get overwhelmed.

If you are starting small which we encourage you to do, you have to put down all your expected cost.

Write every necessary thing down before stepping out to buy anything, if you are going for a large scale, make sure you put everything down too.

Keeping a record of your daily activities (especially income and expenses) is a good practice in animal production.

Factors to consider before starting snail farming business

It aids in monitoring your farm activities, determining growth and loss.

Now take, for instance, you want to start with 100 snails, you have to put it down, write the possible cost of each based on your findings.

That’s if you are going to buy from the market, of course, some get theirs from bushes, the more you document your activities, the better you go.

Always keep a record of your activities on the farm.

   7. Consider how to source for snails

This is one important aspect of your snail farming because the source of your snail will determine the productivity at the end of the day.

When sourcing for your snail, we will advise you don’t just buy from anyone, you have to get a trusted marketer.

That’s the only way you can know when and how long these snails have stayed with them.

Read also: Essential practical sustainable agriculture practices farmers should learn

If for instance, you buy from someone whose snails have stayed with for days or weeks, this could be harmful.

Chances are that the snails are not being taken care of properly, the productivity of the snails maybe be affected by this.

If you can, the best way to get your snail is in the nearby bush by yourself, but if you can’t, ensure you buy from a trusted agent.

Don’t forget that their exposure to sunlight after they have been brought to the market also affects their fertility the last factor on our list is;

  8. Logistics

This is also important. You have to consider it there is a good means of transporting your products to your target consumers, cities, or markets where there is a high demand for snail.

Put in place a good plan on how to get to everyone who may need your snails.

Everyone matters. Remember that the more persons you have on your list the more sales you make so consider every possible person.

Take your time to find every necessary person. It will expand your market and farm.

snail farm

9. Snail house

The type of snail house you will keep your snails inside depends largely on the size of your farm, and available land.

Snails love space and move around under favourable conditions, their house should be spacious, conducive and suitable for the survival of snails.

There are different kinds of snail houses, ranging from hutch box, drum box, trench pen, greenhouse and so on.

You can choose any type suitable for your targetted number of snails.


I must make it clear that considering these factors before setting up your farm isn’t a guarantee that you will do well.

These are preparatory measures that will position you for growth.

Your decision and how well you carry out your day to day activities on the farm after setting up your farm play a key role in the growth of your farm.

The above factors to consider before starting snail farming business if followed will be of great importance to you and help you reduce early struggles.

Let’s know your thought about all the factors listed above.

If you have any question, you can drop it in the comment box below. we will answer you.


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