List of important rabbit food

Feeding is a major decider in animal production, not only in rabbit farming but every livestock. 

And it’s important to note that, in most cases, the food you give to your livestock greatly affects their health and productivity. 

This is the same in rabbit production, feeding is a major management practice and has a lot to do with how well your rabbits produce.

If you are interested in learning about rabbit food, what to feed your rabbits and what not to feed rabbits.

And most importantly, where to source for your rabbit food, then stick with this article because at the end of this post, you will learn all of the above.

As a rabbit farmer, it is very important that you understand what rabbit eat and drink because feeding is a crucial part of rabbit rearing.

rabbit foods

It is important to state that; understanding the nutritional needs of your rabbit is crucial to correctly feeding them what is most efficient for their body use.

Read also: 15 Essential tips: How to take care of rabbits for high productivity

Rabbits are herbivores and therefore live on grasses, roots fruits and vegetables.

Their Gastrointestinal tract produces special droppings called cecotrophs “night faeces”, that they consume so they can be digested a second time 

So, you will most likely not see much of your rabbit faeces because they are consumed after dropping them.

Read also: 10 best rabbit breeds in Nigeria and their characteristics

Here are precaution to be taken when feeding your rabbits

  • While feed your rabbits, ensure that all food materials are fresh and free of insects or ants.
  • Ensure that all food materials are washed thoroughly before supplying them to your rabbits.
  • Do not feed your rabbits roadsides material or contaminated food material.
  • Feed the rabbits at least once a day or twice.
  •  Ensure you feed them hay regularly
  • Do no feed them processed food materials because it can upset their system.
  • Do not change their food type suddenly, slowly integrate any food material to the rabbits.
  • If you start changing their food and notice that their poo is becoming soft, withdraw the food, and  allow four days before adding the food again. this will help them readjust.
  • Ensure that they are comfortable while eating and not being disturbed. though they mostly eat at night or calm hours.

Let’s consider what Rabbit should eat or not eat. If you see too many of your rabbit faeces in the cage, it means there is a problem and therefore should seek the help of a vegetarian.

What do rabbits eat? List of best rabbit food

Even though rabbit feed on a wide range of materials, it is wrong to assume that rabbit feed on anything. 

You have to also note that rabbits need to get as many nutrients as possible.

Rabbit food or rabbit’s diet must consist of quality hay, pellets, water and fresh vegetables. 

The amounts of each component of the diet will vary with a rabbit’s age.

rabbit food

Aside from these, anything else you can offer the rabbits can be considered a “treat” and given in small amounts.

Here is a list of the best rabbit foods

  • Hay

Hay is one of the best foods that ruminants or herbivores eat, Rabbits belong to that class of this animal and therefore should be given plenty of Hay after been weaned and as they mature. 

Hay are grasses, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep. 

However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs.

Read also: Easy step by step rabbit feed formulation practical guide

Hay should make up most of the rabbit daily diet. It is very important for efficient gut function and movement.

It is also important in keeping the length of their teeth in check. 

Rabbits who are not given any kind of hay are likely to suffer from painful abscesses due to long teeth and other illnesses. 

  • Pellets

Pellets are a formula that helps rabbits to get deficient nutrients in Hays, therefore it must be used to complement Hay.  

Pellets are also good after weaning your rabbits, so, after weaning, start with pellets and gradually introduce Fresh grass and Hay to them.

what do rabbit eat and drink

As the weeks continue, increase the Hay/Grass for them. It will get to a stage; they will be looking forward to your coming. 

Note that as the food intake increases, their poop increases. 

Rabbit is a wonderful animal that can poop while eating

  •  Fruit

Almost all fruits that humans eat are good for rabbits as a TREAT but not as the main food or regular meal.

Carrot for example should be given as a TREAT. 

It’s high in sugar and not good in large quantity for RABBITS.

Note: Fruit is very good for the rabbits NOT as a meal but as a TREAT

Fruits with high sugar content should be restricted to TREATS only no matter the temptations.

The following fruits can be offered to rabbits but as treat

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  • Alfalfa
  • Apple
  • Banana (fruit and peel)
  • Blackberry
  • Cherry
  • Cucumber
  • Grapes
  • Mango
  • Orange
  • Melon (all melons)
  •  Papaya
  • Pear
  • Pineapple
  • Tomato
  • Watermelon.

You can give your fresh leftovers to them too but not anyone that’s already in contact with SALT.

  • Vegetables

It is also important that you feed your rabbits vegetable. 

Vegetables are a good source of valuable roughage, as well as vitamins. 

You should offer your rabbits vegetables as early as 3 months of age.

Introduce new vegetables one at a time and gradually, don’t rush vegetable on the rabbits. 

Feed the rabbit different varieties of vegetable lefty, dark and root vegetables.

Read also: Food security: NALDA set to launch ‘Grow Your Farm’ project

Continue to add new varieties and observe the rabbits, once your rabbits are used to different vegetables, mix the vegetable and feed them. 

Common vegetables such as

  • Asparagus,
  • Baby Sweet Corns
  • Bell Bok
  • Romaine lettuce (not Iceberg or light coloured leaf)
  • Spinach (only occasional)
  • Eggplant (purple fruit only; leaves toxic)
  • Grass (if cut from your own chemical/fertilizer/poison free back yard-I spread it out and dry it)
  • Okra Leaves,
  • Rocket (also known as Arugula)
  • Spring Greens

and Pumpkin should be fed to the rabbits

Read Also: How to start snail farming business successfully

  • Treats

It is important to supply rabbits with treats high in calories such as oats, barley and fruits should be given sparingly. 

What do rabbits drink?


You cannot properly feed your rabbit without including water.

Water is an important part of rabbits diet and it should be available to them at all times. 

The water should be changed every day and the water feeder or bottle cleaned with dish soap at least once a week. 

What not to feed rabbits

Like we rightly stated before, not all foods are good for your snails.

There are fresh vegetables that are good for Rabbits while there are some that are not good for rabbits like cabbage.

Read also: Apply for 2021 IITA/IFAD Agrihub Training Project For Unemployed Nigerian Youths

Your rabbit should NEVER be given any processed food or cooked meal meant for human. These food materials are capable of causing health challenges or killing rabbits.

They have a delicate digestive system that could lead to diarrhoea and eventual death.

Canned food is forbidden for your snails. Rabbits can’t stand salt and sugar in their system. 

If you must allow them to graze in the garden, avoid leaves that are not recommended like Cabbage, Tomatoes etc.  

Cabbage is always recommended as part of fresh vegetable component in rabbit diet and it also contains Calcium that is needed for rabbit ever-growing teeth.

But overshooting the 15% mark for cabbage also cause them to bloat and with that, they will be uncomfortable and distressed.

how to care for rabbits

So, it is better to be avoided, or better still carefully supplied to the rabbits.

Do not feed a rabbit iceberg lettuce as it is void of nutrients, it is mostly water and will fill a rabbit up unnecessarily.

Food that contains too much carbohydrate is also not good for rabbits.

Too many carbohydrates can lead to enteritis or other conditions/illnesses in rabbits.


Rabbit foods are common but one has to be careful about what you feed your rabbits.

Feeding is quite an important management practice. 

Supplying the right proportion of rabbit food should be every farmer’s priority. 

If you can follow these feeding rules, you will eventually avoid veterinary office for a long time.

We hope this post has been helpful in your understanding of rabbit food and how to formulate rabbit food.

Let us know your thought in the comment box below, as always, we will love to hear from you.


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